Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Rider-Waite Tarot Reading: Sirius Community (The Present)

CELTIC CROSS SPREAD - October 10,  2017
Querent (subjective): Sirius Community
Reader (objective): Joseph H. Bryan-Royster

1 - FIVE OF CUPS (The Heart of the Matter)












Five of Cups - Regret

The image shows three cups emptied of their contents in front of the robed figure, with two more behind him which he cannot see. His focus is on the "down side" rather than on the "up side" of circumstances. If he would only turn around, he might realize his situation in a different light. He would see that even though he has experienced loss or a disappointment, he finds the loss only partial and that the disappointment has a "silver lining" after all. In a reading, this type of situation could be in regard to an inheritance which is disappointing in its overall light, but a person must remember to "count one's blessings." Also, it could be regret in the case of friendship or love, i.e. a relationship without any real meaning. This is the archetypal image of the incomplete, metaphysically speaking, personal karmic imbalance has brought about only a partial precipitation, or dispensation, to the client. It indicates that, upon receipt, part of what was to be given has been withheld or perhaps spent or distributed elsewhere. Herein lies the significance of the three spent cups and the two full ones left. By restoring one's own karmic balance through corrective action, the precipitation does not have to be an incomplete one, but is able to materialize in its entirety. A reversed, or positive, interpretation of this image shows: a possible reunion, news, alliances, affinity, return of an old friend, ancestry or geneaological insight revealed, etc. All in all, the Five of Cups relays a genuine sense of disappointment, but this is a matter of perception, because the hidden plus within this archetype lies in the significance of the cups behind the figure. All he needs to do is turn around and see them for himself.

State of Mind: Partial loss, Regret, Friendship without real meaning, Marriage without real love, Diminished inheritance, Incomplete union or partnership, Ancestry or genealogical insight revealed, Imperfection, Hopeful outlook, Favorable expectations, New alliances, Return of an old friend, Possible reunion, Disappointment with a silver lining

Members base is dwindling, as residency program is not leading into Membership as an ultimate goal, policies and procedures are not being implemented by Members as guided by the Core Group, Community Center and other buildings on the land are in need of structural repair, off-grid solar and wind energy projects are stalled due to lack of funds and human resources necessary to complete them, and fundraising efforts in the greater community surrounding Sirius are hindered by a failure to grow Membership base enough to invigorate this aging Eco-village and allow it to thrive as a Beacon of Light for all to see.

2 - SIX OF CUPS (What's Crossing You)












Six of Cups - Nostalgia

Here is the archetype representative of nostalgia, i.e. memories of the past; in particular, the times of one's youth or childhood. The two children in the image are interacting over the cup of flowers that one is presenting to the other. This picture is thus symbolic of the image recall stimulated when, as an adult, one returns to the home of their childhood for a visit. The old manor house in the background on this card is the present physical image representation, and the action in the foreground is the mental construct of past action in this same place as drawn from personal memory. In a counseling session, this archetype speaks of enjoyment and happiness in the past tense, i.e. younger days, or childhood. Faded images, in the case of an adult who is now overburdened with personal problems - things that have vanished, events and experiences which are no more. Pleasures and influences in the past, that are of a positive nature, are recalled in the mind of the client in areas illuminated by interacting with other archetypes. Another interpretation of the Six of Cups shows the reverse principle, whereas this image refers to the future, a renewal, or opportunities which lie ahead of him/her in the timeline: coming events, new vistas, or something that will shortly arrive, etc. Plans that may fail also come into play, in the light of this card showing the transitory state of the happiness experience. Reference is also made to an inheritance, also drawn from the archetype's pictorial image, i.e. that which originates from a source within the place which generated childhood's happy memories. This inheritance may manifest quickly for the client.

State of Mind: Memories, Past influences, Things that have vanished, Childhood passed, Nostalgia, Faded images, The future, Opportunities ahead, Coming events, New Vistas, Plans that may fail, That which will shortly arrive, Return to childhood home, Inheritance

Two of the four Founders, Members, and residents of Sirius long for this Eco-village to return to what is remembered as the formative years: when the Community Center was built as a centerpiece for activity inspired by the Angel of Sirius, the Dog Star. Programs, such as the ROTA meals program included the surrounding Hearthstone Village and community members were the primary residents, with the Guest Department generating revenue via rental of the Octagon as a conference center, bringing outside  groups to Sirius that align with with its mission as an educational non-profit organization.

3 - SEVEN OF CUPS (The Root Cause)












Seven of Cups - Illusion

This image relates to the astral plane of existence in multiple forms; inclusive of the lower and also higher realms of evolutionary growth. From this collective energy of unlimited imagery come the seeds of imagination and fantasy. Seven cups are portrayed, each one displaying a differing visionary representation. In a state of meditation, such symbols may appear. Depictions of personality projection, spiritual preconceptions, ideas of evil and temptation, desires for wealth and property, greed for money or precious jewels or treasure, recognition and fame, basic instinct and animal cravings - all such visions are shown in the contents of the cups displayed to the observer who has brought all of these offerings of diversionary delusions forth from the depth of his/her own subconscious mind. So fantasizing, daydreams, wishful thinking, delusion, intoxication, drug addiction, whims, and the realm of imagination having an influence upon the client, are all possible definitions of this image's significance in a counseling session. When the client's mind tends to project fantasy scenarios about any given person or a situation, and entertains them through wishful thinking in the hope that they might come to pass, is the time that these archetypal energies representing the Seven of Cups come into play. Another side of this archetype's interpretation indicates desire on the part of the client, determination even if not correctly applied, willpower, and focus of project. Also: promises unfulfilled, illusionary success, a goal nearly reached yet not quite completed. The key to a positive application of this image is putting the visions into proper perspective, as application is the difference between fantasy and reality.

State of Mind: Fantasy, Imagination, Daydreams, Foolish whims, Wishful thinking, Illusory success, Unrealistic attitudes, Desire, Determination, Strong willpower, A goal nearly attained, intelligent choice, Personality projection, Spiritual preconceptions

"Not seeing the forest for the trees," tunnel vision; i.e. disrepair of Community Center viewed piecemeal (fixing some of exterior steps when entire unit on each side of building needs reconstruction with new lumber and weatherproofing).


4 - PAGE OF PENTACLES (Recent Past)














Page of Pentacles - Application

This is the archetype of study and application of new ideas to solve problems; the image of reflection and the desire for new ideas to arise for the purpose of application - as well as scholarship and the ability to dream, which allow for the creation of novel ideas. In a counseling session, this archetype indicates that the client is studying new ways to solve old problems, or will encounter an individual who can offer insight with this regard. Or, the person entering the client's life could be a messenger bringing some news which will effect the client as it pertains to his/her particular destiny. A negative interpretation of this image, when present during a session, would be for the bearer to bring bad or unsettling news to the client. Also, some unrealism on the part of the person or quality represented, i.e. being a dreamer to the point of contemplating such fantasies which run counter to the precepts of Universal Laws, in other words, inability to recognize the obvious facts in a particular matter. Dissapation of ideas, i.e. wasted thought processes, or totally illogical thinking, rebelliousness, or wastefulness in general. Liberality and luxury as they refer to life being off balance also lend themselves to an adverse interpretation. The nature of an application of the Page of Pentacles within a particular session depends upon the client's course of action, whereas a positive reflection is generated through correct observance of Universal Laws and so a negative reflection can be transformed via the client making an individual change of course, i.e. following rather than violating said Universal Laws. Deep concentration, in the proper perspective, brings forth the best in this archetype.

State of Mind: Deep concentration, Application, Scholarship, Reflection, Desire for new ideas, Do-gooder, Bearer of news, Study, Unrealistic person, Failure to recognize obvious facts, Dissipation of ideas, Illogical thinking, Rebelliousness, Wastefulness

Following a near-fracture of the Core Group, evenly divided between two families, and then external mediation, a Strategic Planning process was initiated once bylaws were amended allowing a new Core Group member from outside the community to join as a "fulcrum" to break deadlock in divisive issues. This individual started focalizing SP sessions to re-tool SOPs (Standard Operating Procedures), including succession planning beyond tenure of the two remaining Founders at Sirius.

5 - KNIGHT OF PENTACLES (Possible Outcome)














Knight of Pentacles - Responsibility

Here is the archetype of responsibility and service. Note that this image reveals a rider methodically moving toward his destination, his eyes fixed upon completion of this task in hand. He is carrying the symbol of his suit, but does not look upon it. In a metaphysical counseling session, the Knight of Pentacles represents a mature and responsible person in the life of the client; one who is reliable, with the ability to conclude a task which has been started. This person is also patient and thus persistent in his efforts, as well as being laborious and organized. This would be a person who is capable of bringing great energy to practical matters; a dependable manager and a steadfast worker. A responsible and conventional person is in this archetype's positive aspect. The adverse side of this image reveals: stagnation, inertia, a lack of determination or direction, without any purpose to carry a task to its end. Narrow-mindedness, whereas limits are established by dogmatic views, can also be a trait. Idleness and inertia, plus carelessness and discouragement, could be part of the adverse effects of this image during a counseling session. Interaction with other archetypes make the determination whether or not this image may be positive for the client. A personal course correction on his/her part can bring a 180-degree turn in circumstances and thus transform a negative outcome into a positive one. The sense of duty and that of responsibility, inherent in the specific symbolism of this archetype is able to transcend the stagnation and carelessness of its negative side.

State of Mind: Mature person, Responsible person, Reliable, Methodical, Patient, Persistent, Ability to conclude a task, Laborious, Organized, Serviceable, Stagnation, Inertia, Lack of determination or direction, Limits set by dogmatic views

New Core Group member leading the re-tooling of bylaws, dynamics of residency to membership trajectory reinforced as catalyst for growing the number of residents becoming full members during timeframe of revised bylaws.

6 - JUDGEMENT (Immediate Future)














Crosses the Threshold....

Initiation of the Aspirant after fully learning from the inner Teacher that all Life is Spirit made manifest through physical Form and that perception change in each individuated Soul on Earth, through the process of Life experience, is the Divine purpose for existence. The culmination of the Transformation process. The Path from orientation toward reflected Light (the Moon) has been fully traveled and the Adept now stands in realization that True Illumination is internal. This card is the Final Decision regarding the Past, thereby a Future totally New lies ahead, so this card can be heralded as the signifier of Initiation. All of the preparatory steps have led to this outcome. The Angel and Trumpet, calling forth the Dead to rise from their graves, is an accurate representation of of the Mystic symbolism behind the concept of resurrection. As we die to our material nature and desires, We are reborn into Spirit and Divine understanding of the process and purpose of Life. The Death and Resurrection of Christ set the great example for human perception change. The analogy of the mirror image of the World as seen revealed on the surface of a quiet pond, being reversed whereas the original image is the one reflected on the pond's surface, is the True Reality (Spiritual origin). The World perceived externally through the five senses is a mere reflection representative of Spirit manifested in physical Form. The five senses aligned via the sixth sense, i.e. intuition (the Third Eye), is the transformational Key to Initiation and Spiritual Metamorphosis. PARALLEL ARCHETYPES: Time, The Aeon.

State of Mind: Atonement, The need to repent and forgive, Accounting for the manner in which opportunities have been used, Rejuvenation, Rebirth, Improvement, Development, Promotion, Desire for immortality, Legal judgment in one's favor, Considering the effects of present actions upon other people, Determination, Decision, Result, Outcome, Apology, Opportunity, Readjustment, Final decision concerning the past, New current for the future, Taking a definite step, Initiation

Task at hand is to teach full responsibility and accountability for each resident and member for living "in community" with each other at Sirius. Conflict resolution is refined to the be an effective "bridge builder" among residents and members living in shared houses on the land in this Eco-village.

7 - EIGHT OF CUPS (You/The Querent)












Eight of Cups - Abandonment

This archetype is a significator of personal perspective change, whereas that which once contained importance or value for the client is no longer seen in the same light or validity, and the individual has mentally or physically moved onward to find something else. This could be relevant with regard to a career change or that of a relationship. The pattern shown by this archetype's imagery could be one which is repetitive in the client's life, i.e. indicative of wandering, or always moving from one place or set of values to another after only a short time of involvement. Discontinuance of effort due to disappointment or failure to overcome obstacles may be indicated, should the Eight of Cups be presented during a counseling session. An abandonment of previous plans is a possible description. Metaphysically speaking, leaving material success to seek a higher spiritual fulfillment is another. Other interpretations may be: mildness, timidity, modesty, shyness, etc. In the transformative sense, though, there might be a bit of sadness and a sense of loss with regard to making the decision to move onward, as is indicated by the posture of the traveller as he walks away from the arrangement of cups in the foreground and also by the expression shown on the face of the moon. This could translate into a brief period of instability or anxiety until the client has anchored himself/herself in the new perspective or pursuit in life. This is indeed an archetype of change, and one must realize the central importance of change in the process of life experiences. The past is gone, the future is not yet, but the present is now.

State of Mind: Discontinuance of effort, Disappointment, Abandonment of previous plans, Shyness, Modesty, Abandoned success, Decline, Effort continued until full success is attained, Festivity, Gaiety, Mildness, Timidity, Career change after short involvement, Relationship change after short involvement

Sirius Community is undergoing fundamental change as the outflow of residents and members is leaving a sparse crew of people to operate functions in garden, maintenance, and guest department areas. Revealed as part of this energy drain is confusion presented by 501c3 non-profit as an educational organization with "spiritual focus" resulting in lack of clarity to define it as non-religious, so public funding from grants is difficult to obtain. Reliance on loans from supporters is necessary to offset lack of donations, residency fees, and group bookings by the Guest Department, etc.

8 - NINE OF CUPS (The Querent's Environment)












Nine of Cups - Satisfaction

This is a positive image showing satisfaction and contentment in one's abundance in life, whether it be physical or spiritual. The figure portrayed in the imagery is of one who has consumed his fill of personal emotional elixer and has plenty more cups of it behind him to fill him in the days ahead. The figure is like unto King Henry VIII of England in his manner of attire and, yes, this individual is in command of his own world, as the English monarch portrayed was in control of his nation's destiny. In a session, the client has contentment in his/her life, concord regarding interaction with others, victory regarding confrontational situations, success in personal and financial pursuits - note the look of wealth in the attire of the figure. Also, advantage regarding others who cross one's path. Well-being and good health are also positive aspects which can be of benefit to the client. Happiness and pleasure abound as well. Should this image interact adversely with other archetypes, mistakes and material loss may be indicated, along with imperfections and misplaced trust, false freedom, and opposition. Note this, as it is relevant to the character of Henry VIII. When he sought a divorce and the Pope refused to grant him one, he pulled his subjects away from the Roman Catholic Church and then set up the Church of England. This institutional separation persists even unto the present day. Note also, the stubbornness of character which might surface in this image's interaction it relates to other archetypes; a mental state arising from differences. There is a danger of vanity, self-praise, conceit, and over-indulgence. An alternate interpretation shows loyalty, truth, and liberty.

State of Mind: Success, Material attainment, Advantage, Well-being, Abundance, Good health, Difficulties surmounted, Mistakes, Material loss, Imperfections, Misplaced trust, False freedom, Opposition, Differences

Founder's vision as manifested through initial growth, i.e. moving from the original farmhouse as new structures are built, culmination in construction of the Community Center, and eventually the new Lakshmi greenhouse. Though two of the four Founders have left, "palace on the hill" burned to the ground and a new Phoenix House was built in its place, the visitors coming via Guest Department programs see past accomplishments as progress toward sustainability, and are less aware of the aging infrastructure in need of repair.

9 - EIGHT OF WANDS (Hopes and Fears)












Eight of Wands - Speed

Velocity directed toward a particular goal in the life course or undertakings of the client is indicated when this image is present during a counseling session. In the case of the romantic plunge into involvement with another person, i.e. the experience of "falling in love," this card is quite descriptive. The staves are in perfect alignment, though at different points in their trajectory, shown by the illustration of some being slightly ahead of others, yet traveling at such speed as to make one wonder what will happen when they land. A journey undertaken by the client is also a valid interpretation of this image. Specifics of such travel, and possible results thereof, will come from interaction with other archetypes. Haste is a feature of this image, so the client should be then advised to "look before leaping" into situations to which this archetypal image may be pointing. A messenger, with either a letter or news of particular importance to the client, could be forthcoming when this image appears is present. Motion is the driving quality behind any specific interpretation given to the Eight of Wands. If other archetypes are affecting the meaning of this image negatively, too much velocity or force could be in play regarding the particular situation in question, and in the case of a specific romantic inclination, i.e. falling in love when another contender or else an existing partner opposes such affection, jealousy is strongly indicated by the presence of this archetype.

State of Mind: Swift activity, Sudden progress, Sudden movement, Speed, Hastily made decisions, Too rapid advancement, Haste, Suddenness, Separation, Thorns of dispute, Jealousy, Harassment, Stagnation, Domestic

With a "revolving door" of residents and members coming and going, there is little continuity beyond that held by the two remaining Founders and a few dedicated individuals  who works in gardens, maintenance, and the Guest Department. Lack of clear SOPs and a systemic dysfunction in governance as led by the Core Group, results in new people who bring fresh energy into Sirius soon becoming disillusioned and then decide to leave the community.

10 - THREE OF CUPS (The Outcome)












Three of Cups - Plenty

The three maidens depicted in this archetype symbolize a great abundance, whereas the participants experience times of plenty, i.e. the physical and emotional pleasure identified with a fruitful harvest and the rewards thereof. There is a sense of celebration, whereas fulfillment is indicated. In a session, the Three of Cups shown in positive representation is a very good archetype. The client has thus come to the resolution of a problem, the conclusion of a struggle or labor - i.e. the harvest, either literal or symbolic. This could be a satisfactory result regarding efforts expended. Being "full of life" and experiencing the fertility thereof is another. A positive aspect of this image is hospitality; freely sharing the bounty of one's own personal harvest with others can be indicated. Love, kindness, merriment, the good things in life, , and sensuality are also aspects. The imbalanced side of this archetype, as revealed in an adverse interaction with other images, brings forth a tendency for excess, i.e. the overabundance of pleasures, where human sensuality could express itself in the form of an orgy. Things become superfluous. There is a loss of luster or importance, i.e. prestige. Delays can be quite apparent. and there is a definite lack of appreciation. The "horn of plenty" aspect of the Three of Cups must thus be taken in a balanced perspective, whereas providence does not spoil or obscure reality of the truth regarding the Source of all creation; God. Failure to remember this important fact brings excess and imbalanced perspective, along with the misuse of God's bounty and waste thereof.

State of Mind: Resolution of a problem, Conclusion, Solace, Healing, Satisfactory result, Fulfillment, Compromise, Mending, Excessive pleasures, Overabundance, Superfluity, Loss of prestige, Delays, Lack of appreciation

Points to successful implementation of new SOPs, revised bylaws, and Strategic Planning providing a solid foundation for community growth as Sirius prepares to celebrate its 40th Anniversary in 2018.

Tarot Interpretations by Joseph H. Bryan-Royster, Ph.D., Msc.D.

Source: https://sites.google.com/site/josephhbryanroyster/trumps

~ 10-10-1017 Tarot Spread Layout ~

Sunday, December 10, 2017

Chant of the Weed... Growing Cannabis on the Farm with NOFA

~ Chant of the Weed by Andre Kostelanetz and The Giesdorf Sisters ~

My mother had an old 78-rpm record of this song on bakelite (breakable plastic, prior to the advent of vinyl records) which I enjoyed playing until it was dropped and broke... I grew to adulthood in Southern California, where I thought legalization of pot would happen much earlier than nearly two decades into the 21st century, but prohibition of this versatile plant is at long last coming to an end! ~ JDHW Bryan-Royster

Northeast Organic Farming Association
December 10, 2017 - 10:00am to 5:00pm

The Red Barn at Hampshire College
893 West St.
Amherst, MA

In 2018 Cannabis will enter the Massachusetts marketplace and, according to some estimates, it’s poised to become a $1.1 billion industry within just a few years, making it the most profitable crop in Massachusetts. As with local craft beer and food, there will be a lot of consumers interested in accessing high-quality craft cannabis grown by local farmers in a sustainable way.

This interactive workshop and networking event is for growers who are interested in cultivating Cannabis using organic methods on their land for this new market. We’ll cover all the basics to get you started on your path toward cultivating cannabis either on your own as part of a cooperative.

Topics covered will include:

Cultivation

Growing high-quality cannabis using organic methods
How to modify high tunnels and greenhouses specifically for Cannabis
Sourcing seeds and clones
Integrating Cannabis into a diversified farm

Understanding Cannabis Cultivation Law and Regulations

Medical landscape versus recreational landscape - what is different
Licensing
Testing process and standards

Craft Cannabis Cultivation Cooperatives (CCCC)

What is an agricultural cooperative? Why might it be a good fit for you and your farm?
How to form or join a CCCC

In between talks and panel discussions featuring growers and industry experts, you’ll have a lot of time to meet other growers, meet people who are actively recruiting farmers for their Cannabis cooperative, and enjoy a catered lunch. We’ll conclude the day with a giveaway of Cannabis seeds and plants to get you started on your cultivation path!


Saturday, December 9, 2017

Chinese Bankers are Obstructing the Release of TDA Accounts...

~ Heather Doing... ~
Update for December 3, 2017: Heather & Randy Court Case

I want to thank everyone for their continued support.  I am still in Tennessee helping Heather and Randy with this court case here.  I am not in direct contact with Randy due to his incarceration while awaiting dismissal of this case. The best support I can give him is to support Heather in the various tasks required here in court filings, personal service to various individuals of court documents and my obligations to the judge to make sure Heather is housed and fed while on agreed release with a US Marshal's GPS monitor.

Randy has had a really tough month, he's been harassed in Blount County jail for a number of months as they housed him with the violent offenders, and it got particular bad recently.  As you remember Randy was beaten upon arrest in July by FBI and other non-identified agents without a valid search warrant, his vehicle was seized, and the FBI convinced his apartment complex to evict him and his belongings.  

Randy was approached about a week ago by a visiting particular and quietly told he could be out of jail if he turned against Heather.  The offer is curious if this is about money. Randy did his alleged "offense" before he ever contacted Heather (and the charge against Randy is completely bogus if you look at the evidence which was all documented very publicly). There's documented proof those accounts did exist in Randy's name.  Neither Randall nor Heather have ever considered or called themselves Sovereign Citizens, a conceptual bucket the court keeps wanting to toss them into.  Sovereign Citizen is an oxymoron in any case despite what people think it means.

We know these arrests originated from an order by Chinese bankers, who consider the TDA accounts in your name their "collateral accounts" (its actually human chattel slavery).  They have since tried and failed to move those TDA accounts to the BIS and then Asia, with some dabbling in hiding them in block chains along the way. And you wonder why the volatility?

Randy, the true man of integrity that he is, turned the visitor down.  A few days later he was severely beaten in jail by 2 or 3 gang members (believed to be from MS-13, the purported enforcers for the El Chapo Mexican drug cartel).  Randy was put into the infirmary with a head wound and a black eye, and recently transferred to another jail by US Marshals and is apparently still in "classification" awaiting a new cell assignment.  Randy's recent photo shows his black eye is healing.   I sat on the news of the incident in jail until Randy and his cousin decided to release the information. 

My apologies to my readers for the lack of writing this month.  Much of what I do right now is not blog related and much of what I could write I have to write after the fact.  I got a very bad chest cold when I got back to Tennessee after retrieving my winter clothes from Texas.  Heather and Judy are recovering from a milder version of the same chest cold.   Thankfully they didn't get it as bad as I did. The weather dropped about a good 30 degrees, but has recently warmed up to the 50s F during the day, nights are about 35 F here.

I want to thank my blog readers for the approximately $750 that came in over the past week.   Its short of what we needed to cover for November, rent is $1000 a month, and we have food expenses on top of that.  I really need to raise $1500 for December to make sure we can pay the rent in January, if you can help, please donate via PayPal via the link at the right of the blog with the trees on it. 


Thursday, December 7, 2017

Benjamin Fulford Meets with David Rockefeller about Illuminati

David Rockefeller

David Rockefeller (June 12, 1915 – March 20, 2017) was an American banker who was chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan Corporation. He was the oldest living member of the Rockefeller family and family patriarch from August 2004 until his death in March 2017. Rockefeller was a son of John D. Rockefeller Jr. and Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, and a grandson of John D. Rockefeller and Laura Spelman Rockefeller.

He was noted for his wide-ranging political connections and foreign travel, in which he met with a range of foreign leaders. His fortune was estimated at $3.3 billion at the time of his death in March 2017.

Early life

Rockefeller was born in New York City, New York. He grew up in an eight-story house at 10 West 54th Street, the tallest private residence ever built in the city. Rockefeller was the youngest of six children born to financier John Davison Rockefeller Jr. and socialite Abigail Greene "Abby" Aldrich. John Jr. was the only son of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller Sr. and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman. Abby was a daughter of Senator Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich and Abigail Pearce Truman "Abby" Chapman. David's five elder siblings were Abby (1903–1976), John III (1906–1978), Nelson (1908–1979), Laurance (1910–2004), and Winthrop (1912–1973).

Rockefeller attended the experimental Lincoln School at 123rd Street in Harlem.

Education

In 1936, Rockefeller graduated cum laude from Harvard University. He also studied economics for a year at Harvard and then a year at the London School of Economics (LSE). At LSE he first met future President John F. Kennedy (although he had earlier been his contemporary at Harvard) and once dated Kennedy's sister Kathleen. During his time abroad, Rockefeller briefly worked in the London branch of what was to become the Chase Manhattan Bank.

After returning to the U.S. to complete his graduate studies, in 1940 he received a Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.

Career

Government service

After completing his studies in Chicago, he became secretary to New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia for eighteen months in a "dollar a year" public service position. Although the mayor pointed out to the press that Rockefeller was only one of 60 interns in the city government, his working space was, in fact, the vacant office of the deputy mayor. From 1941 to 1942, Rockefeller was assistant regional director of the United States Office of Defense, Health and Welfare Services.

Military

Rockefeller enlisted in the U.S. Army and entered Officer Candidate School in 1943; he was ultimately promoted to Captain in 1945. During World War II he served in North Africa and France (he spoke fluent French) for military intelligence setting up political and economic intelligence units. For seven months he also served as an assistant military attaché at the American Embassy in Paris. During this period, he would call on family contacts and Standard Oil executives for assistance.

Banking

In 1946, Rockefeller joined the staff of the longtime family-associated Chase National Bank. The chairman at that time was Rockefeller's uncle Winthrop W. Aldrich. The Chase Bank was primarily a wholesale bank, dealing with other prominent financial institutions and major corporate clients such as General Electric (which had, through its RCA affiliate, leased prominent space and become a crucial first tenant of Rockefeller Center in 1930). The bank also is closely associated with and has financed the oil industry, having longstanding connections with its board of directors to the successor companies of Standard Oil, especially Exxon Mobil. Chase National subsequently became the Chase Manhattan Bank in 1955 and shifted significantly into consumer banking. It is now called JPMorgan Chase.

Rockefeller started as an assistant manager in the foreign department. There he financed international trade in a number of commodities, such as coffee, sugar and metals. This position also maintained relationships with more than 1,000 correspondent banks throughout the world. He served in other positions and became president in 1960. He was both chairman and chief executive of Chase Manhattan from 1969 to 1980 and remained chairman until 1981. He was also, as recently as 1980, the single largest individual shareholder of the bank, holding 1.7% of its shares.

During his term as CEO, Chase spread internationally and became a central component of the world's financial system due to its global network of correspondent banks, the largest in the world. In 1973, Chase established the first branch of an American bank in Moscow, in the then Soviet Union. That year Rockefeller traveled to China, resulting in his bank becoming the National Bank of China's first correspondent bank in the U.S.

He was faulted for spending excessive amounts of time abroad, and during his tenure as CEO the bank had more troubled loans than any other major bank. Chase owned more New York City securities in the mid-1970s, when the city was nearing bankruptcy. A scandal erupted in 1974 when an audit found that losses from bond trading had been understated, and in 1975 the bank was branded a "problem bank" by the Federal Reserve.

From 1974 to 1976, Chase earnings fell 36 percent while those of its biggest rivals rose 12 to 31 percent. The bank's earnings more than doubled between 1976 and 1980, far outpacing its rival Citibank in return on assets. By 1981 the bank's finances were restored to full health.

In November 1979, while chairman of the Chase Bank, Rockefeller became embroiled in an international incident when he and Henry Kissinger, along with John J. McCloy and Rockefeller aides, persuaded President Jimmy Carter through the United States Department of State to admit the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, into the United States for hospital treatment for lymphoma. This action directly precipitated what is known as the Iran hostage crisis and placed Rockefeller under intense media scrutiny (particularly from The New York Times) for the first time in his public life.

Rockefeller retired from active management of the bank in 1981, succeeded by his protégé Willard C. Butcher. Former Chase chairman John J. McCloy said at the time that he did not believe that Rockefeller would not go down in history as a great banker but as a "real personality, as a distinguished and loyal member of the community".

Political connections

Rockefeller traveled widely and met with both foreign rulers and U.S. presidents, beginning with Dwight D. Eisenhower. At times he even served as an unofficial emissary on high-level business. Among the foreign leaders he met were Saddam Hussein, Fidel Castro, Nikita Khrushchev, and Mikhail Gorbachev.

President Jimmy Carter offered him the position of United States Secretary of the Treasury but he declined. In 1968, he declined an offer from his brother Nelson Rockefeller, then governor of New York, to appoint him to Robert F. Kennedy's Senate seat after Kennedy was assassinated in June 1968, a post Nelson also offered to their nephew John Davison "Jay" Rockefeller IV.

Rockefeller was criticized for befriending foreign autocrats to expand Chase interests in their countries. The New York Times columnist David Brooks wrote in 2002 that Rockefeller "spent his life in the club of the ruling class and was loyal to members of the club, no matter what they did." He noted that Rockefeller had cut profitable deals with "oil-rich dictators", "Soviet party bosses" and "Chinese perpetrators of the Cultural Revolution".

Rockefeller met Henry Kissinger in 1954, when Kissinger was appointed a director of a seminal Council on Foreign Relations study group on nuclear weapons, of which David Rockefeller was a member. He named Kissinger to the board of trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, and consulted with him frequently, with the subjects including the Chase Bank's interests in Chile and the possibility of the election of Salvador Allende in 1970. Rockefeller supported his "opening of China" initiative in 1971 as it afforded banking opportunities for the Chase Bank.

Though a lifelong Republican and party contributor, he was a member of the moderate "Rockefeller Republicans" that arose out of the political ambitions and public policy stance of his brother Nelson. In 2006 he teamed up with former Goldman Sachs executives and others to form a fund-raising group based in Washington, Republicans Who Care, that supported moderate Republican candidates over more ideological contenders.

Central Intelligence Agency ties

Rockefeller was acquainted with Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) director Allen Dulles and his brother, Eisenhower administration Secretary of State John Foster Dulles—who was an in-law of the family]—since his college years, it was in Rockefeller Center that Allen Dulles had set up his WWII operational center after Pearl Harbor, liaising closely with the MI6, which also had their principal U.S. operation in the Center. He also knew and associated with the former CIA director Richard Helms, as well as Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt Jr., a Chase Bank employee and former CIA agent whose first cousin CIA agent Kermit Roosevelt Jr. was involved in the Iran coup of 1953.[27] Also, in 1953, he had befriended William Bundy, a pivotal CIA analyst for nine years in the 1950s, who became the Agency liaison to the National Security Council, and a subsequent lifelong friend. Moreover, in Cary Reich's biography of his brother Nelson, a former CIA agent states that David was extensively briefed on covert intelligence operations by himself and other Agency division chiefs, under the direction of David's "friend and confidant", CIA Director Allen Dulles.

Policy groups

In 1964, along with other American business figures such as Sol Linowitz, Rockefeller founded the non-profit International Executive Service Corps which encourages developing nations to promote private enterprise. In 1979, he formed the Partnership for New York City, a not-for-profit membership organization of New York businessmen. In 1992, he was selected as a leading member of the Russian-American Bankers Forum, an advisory group set up by the head of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York to advise Russia on the modernization of its banking system, with the full endorsement of President Boris Yeltsin.

Rockefeller had a lifelong association with the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) when he joined as a director in 1949. In 1965, Rockefeller and other businessmen formed the Council of the Americas to stimulate and support economic integration in the Americas. In 1992, at a Council sponsored forum, Rockefeller proposed a "Western Hemisphere free trade area", which subsequently became the Free Trade Area of the Americas in a Miami summit in 1994. His and the Council's chief liaison to President Bill Clinton in order to garner support for this initiative was through Clinton's chief of staff, Mack McLarty, whose consultancy firm Kissinger McLarty Associates is a corporate member of the Council, while McLarty himself is on the board of directors. He was also a trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, including 1948, when Alger Hiss was president.

Displeased with the refusal of Bilderberg Group meetings to include Japan, Rockefeller helped found the Trilateral Commission in July 1973.

Later career

After the war and alongside his work at Chase, Rockefeller took a more active role in his family's business dealings. Working with his brothers in the two floors of Rockefeller Center known as Room 5600, he reorganized the family's myriad business and philanthropic ventures. The men kept regular "brothers' meetings" where they made decisions on matters of common interest and reported on noteworthy events in each of their lives. Rockefeller served as secretary to the group, making notes of each meeting. The notes are now in the family archive and will be released in the future. Following the deaths of his brothers, Winthrop (1973), John III (1978), Nelson (1979), and Laurance (2004), David became sole head of the family (with the important involvement of his elder son, David Jr.).

Rockefeller ensured that selected members of the fourth generation, known generically as the cousins, became directly involved in the family's institutions. This involved inviting them to be more active in the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the principal foundation established in 1940 by the five brothers and their one sister. The extended family also became involved in their own philanthropic organization, formed in 1967 and primarily established by third-generation members, called the Rockefeller Family Fund.

In the 1980s, Rockefeller became embroiled in controversy over the mortgaging and sale of Rockefeller Center to Japanese interests. In 1985, the Rockefeller family mortgaged the property for $1.3 billion, with $300 million of that going to the family. In 1989, 51 percent of the property, later increased to 80 percent, was sold to Mitsubishi Estate Company of Japan. This action was criticized for surrendering a major U.S. landmark to foreign interests.[8][39] In 2000, Rockefeller presided over the final sale of Rockefeller Center to Tishman Speyer Properties, along with the Crown family of Chicago, which ended the more than 70 years of direct family financial association with Rockefeller Center.

In 2005 he gave $100 million to the Museum of Modern Art and $100 million to Rockefeller University, two of the most prominent family institutions; as well as $10 million to Harvard and $5 million to Colonial Williamsburg. In 2006, he pledged $225 million to the Rockefeller Brothers Fund upon his death, the largest gift in the Fund's history. The money will be used to create the David Rockefeller Global Development Fund, to support projects that improve access to health care, conduct research on international finance and trade, fight poverty, and support sustainable development, as well as to a program that fosters dialogue between Muslim and Western nations. Rockefeller donated $100 million to Harvard University in 2008.[42] The New York Times estimated in November 2006 that his total charitable donations amount to $900 million over his lifetime, a figure that was substantiated by a monograph on the family's overall benefactions, entitled The Chronicle of Philanthropy.

He published Memoirs in 2002, the only time a member of the Rockefeller family has written an autobiography.

Rockefeller was a noted internationalist.

Rockefeller's will requires his estate, once assets are liquidated, to donate over $700 million to various non-profits, including the Rockefeller University, the Museum of Modern Art and Harvard. The largest donation will be either $250 million or the remaining balance of the estate that will fund the launch of the David Rockefeller Global Development Fund.

Personal life

Rockefeller married Margaret "Peggy" McGrath (1915–1996) on September 7, 1940. She was the daughter of a partner in a prominent Wall Street law firm. They had six children:

David Rockefeller Jr. (born July 24, 1941) – vice chairman, Rockefeller Family & Associates (the family office, Room 5600); chairman of Rockefeller Financial Services; Trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation; former chairman of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and Rockefeller & Co., Inc., among many other family institutions.

Abigail Aldrich "Abby" Rockefeller (born 1943) – economist and feminist. Eldest and most rebellious daughter, she was drawn to Marxism and was an ardent admirer of Fidel Castro and a late 1960s/early 1970s radical feminist who belonged to the organization Female Liberation, later forming a splinter group called Cell 16. An environmentalist and ecologist, she was an active supporter of the women's liberation movement.

Neva Rockefeller (born 1944) – economist and philanthropist. She is director of the Global Development and Environment Institute; trustee and vice chair of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund and Director of the Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors.

Margaret Dulany "Peggy" Rockefeller (born 1947) – founder of the Synergos Institute in 1986; Board member of the Council on Foreign Relations; serves on the Advisory Committee of the David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies at Harvard University.

Richard Gilder Rockefeller (1949–2014) – physician and philanthropist; chairman of the United States advisory board of the international aid group Doctors Without Borders; trustee and chair of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund.

Eileen Rockefeller (born 1952) – venture philanthropist; Founding Chair of Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, established in New York City in 2002.

Death

Rockefeller died in his sleep from congestive heart failure on March 20, 2017 at the age of 101 at his home in Pocantico Hills, New York.[50][51]

Wealth

At the time of his death, Forbes estimated Rockefeller's net worth was $3.3 billion. Initially, most of his wealth had come to him via the family trusts that his father had set up, which were administered by Room 5600 and the Chase Bank. In turn, most of these trusts were held as shares in the successor companies of Standard Oil, as well as diverse real estate investment partnerships, such as the expansive Embarcadero Center in San Francisco, which he later sold for considerable profit, retaining only an indirect stake. In addition, he was or had been a partner in various properties such as Caneel Bay, a 4,000-acre (16 km2) resort development in the Virgin Islands and a cattle ranch in Argentina, as well as a 15,500-acre (63 km2) sheep ranch in Australia.

Another major source of asset wealth was his art collection, ranging from impressionist to postmodern, which he developed through the influence upon him of his mother Abby and her establishment, with two associates, of the Museum of Modern Art in New York City in 1929.

Residences

Rockefeller's principal residence was at "Hudson Pines", on the family estate in Pocantico Hills, New York. He also had a Manhattan residence at East 65th Street, as well as a country residence (known as "Four Winds") at a farm in Livingston, New York (Columbia County), where his wife raised Simmenthal beef cattle. He also maintained a summer home on Mount Desert Island off the Maine coast. In May 2015, he donated one thousand acres of land in Seal Harbor to the Mount Desert Land and Garden Preserve.

The Kykuit section of the Rockefeller family compound is the location of The Pocantico Conference Center of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) – set up by David and his four brothers in 1940 – which was created when the Fund leased the area from the National Trust for Historic Preservation in 1991.

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